Hawthorn leaves, flowers, and berries are used in traditional medicine in the treatment of chronic heart failure, high blood pressure, arrhythmia, and various digestive ailments, as well as geriatric and anti-arteriosclerosis remedies. Significant scientific evidence confirms Hawthorn's traditional use. It has been the subject of hundreds of research studies, including nine double-blind, placebo-controlled human clinical trials. The results of this research show that Hawthorn strengthens the heart muscle, increases exercise tolerance, and supports a normal heart rhythm. While Hawthorn leaf contains high levels of flavonoids, the berry is rich in oligomeric procyanidins.
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